All sound starts with something that vibrates. The reed in a clarinet vibrates, the vocal cords in a singer’s throat vibrate, the air flowing over the mouthpiece of a flute oscillates, and the speaker cone on your stereo or in an earbud vibrates. In this chapter we investigate a particular kind of vibration called simple harmonic motion. Most of the vibrations in musical instruments and the human voice can be described approximately by simple harmonic motion.
Periodic, period (cycle), linear restoring force (Hooke’s law), non-linear restoring force, amplitude, maximum amplitude, phase, frequency, natural frequency, spring constant, simple harmonic motion, damped harmonic motion, damped driven harmonic motion.